WHAT IS VITAL FORCE THEORY
As the organic compounds were believed to be obtained from living organisms (plants and animals), a Swedish chemist Berzelius in 1815 proposed that organic compounds could not be prepared in the laboratory and could be only produced by some mysterious force existing in the living organism, which forced was termed as ‘Vital Force’ (which comes from a latin word, ‘vita’ means ‘life’), and this theory is known as vital force theory.
According to the vital force theory-
I) All organic compounds were isolated (extracted) from living bodies (plants and animals).
II) The organic compounds were the products of a vital force and could not be synthesized in the laboratory.
III) The organic compounds did not obey the laws of chemical combination to which organic compounds were subjected.