prove that parallelograms on the equal base and between the same parallels are in equal area .
Given: Two parallelograms ABCD and EFCD, on the same base DC and between the same parallel AF and DC are given
To prove: ar (ABCD) = ar (EFCD).
In Δ ADE and Δ BCF,
∠ DAE = ∠ CBF (Corresponding angles from AD || BC and transversal AF) (1)
∠ AED = ∠ BFC (Corresponding angles from ED || FC and transversal AF) (2)
Therefore, ∠ ADE = ∠ BCF (Angle sum property of a triangle) (3)
Also, AD = BC (Opposite sides of the parallelogram ABCD) (4)
So, Δ ADE ≅ Δ BCF [By ASA rule, using (1), (3), and (4)]
Therefore, ar (ADE) = ar (BCF) (Congruent figures have equal areas) (5)
Now, ar (ABCD) = ar (ADE) + ar (EDCB)
= ar (BCF) + ar (EDCB) [From(5)]
= ar (EFCD)
So, parallelograms ABCD and EFCD are equal in area.