how do bases react with metal?
Reaction of Base with Metals:
When alkali (base) reacts with metal, it produces salt and hydrogen gas.
Alkali + Metal ⇨ Salt + Hydrogen
Example: Sodium hydroxide gives hydrogen gas and sodium zincate when reacts with zinc metal.
2NaOH + Zn ⇨ Na2ZnO2 + H2
Sodium aluminate and hydrogen gas are formed when sodium hydroxide reacts with aluminium metal.
2NaOH + 2Al + 2H2O ⇨ 2NaAlO2 + 2H2