Food of cattle
The cattle feed consist of two component- roughage and concentrate.
Roughage: It largely contains fibres such as green fodder, silage, hay and legumes like berseem, cowpea.
Concentrates: It is low in fibres but contains relatively high proteins and other nutrients. It includes cotton seeds, oilseeds, oats, barley, gram and their by-products like wheat, beans and molasses etc.
Cattle need balanced rations containing all nutrients in proportionate amounts. Besides such nutritious food material, certain feed additives containing micronutrients promote the health and milk output of dairy animals.