agriculture sector on the eve of independence
On the eve of Independence, the status of the Indian agricultural sector was-
Low productivity-Level of productivity per unit of land was very low.
High vulnerability- Farmers were dependent on rainfall for production, not irrigation methods were there.
A wedge between owners of soil and tiller of the soil-Owners of soil were exploited to tillers by giving less income and high rents.
Fragmented and small land holdings- Farmers have small and divided land which get more input and less output.